If you grew up in the 80s and 90s, you likely got your fill of action movies jam-packed with combat scenes, car chases, and next-level jacked actors, like Arnold Schwarzenegger, Sylvester Stallone, and Jean-Claude Van Damme.
Generations of kids grew up idolizing these muscle-bound movie stars who inspired multitudes of young men to start hitting the gym and lifting heavy weights. You may be among those who hit the gym hard when they were younger and gained muscle mass. But then, unfortunately, the responsibilities and time constraints of adulthood took over, and you could no longer keep up with your workout routine, leading to muscle loss. We’ve rounded up five exercises men should avoid regaining muscle, so you know exactly what you shouldn’t waste your gym time on.
“Maintaining muscle strength has benefits far beyond looking good with your shirt off. For example, according to the Mayo Clinic, strength training can increase your ability to perform everyday activities, protect your joints from injury, and improve your balance”. But even if you do strength training regularly, it’s natural to lose muscle as you age. In fact, the majority of men lose roughly 30% of their muscle mass throughout their lives, according to Harvard Health Publishing. And after age 30, you start losing anywhere from 3% to 5% every 10 years. Less muscle can be detrimental to your long-term health—especially as you age—since you become weaker and less mobile, increasing your risk of suffering from falls and fractures.
Fortunately, we have some good news. You can rebuild lost muscle by avoiding certain exercises that inhibit muscle growth (while strength training, of course). We spoke with TJ Mentus, CPT, a certified personal trainer at Garage Gym Reviews, who shares five common exercises that can kill your muscle gains.
Keep reading to learn all about the five exercises men should avoid regaining muscle, and next up, don’t miss You Won’t Gain Muscle Mass if You Don’t Do These Exercises, Trainer Says.
While there’s no denying that cardio is essential for overall health and adding years to your life, going overboard with your cardio sessions can kill your efforts to regain muscle. Excessive cardio can place your body in what’s called a catabolic state where it breaks down fat and muscle for energy.
“Cardio provides many health benefits and should be a part of everyone’s fitness routine,” Mentus states. “However, when trying to build muscle, cardio can be counterproductive. The body needs an excess of calories to build muscle. Cardio burns calories at a higher rate without providing the muscle-building benefits of resistance training. So the calories your body could use to build muscle fuel cardio sessions. When focusing primarily on muscle, cardio should be limited or done as a part of HIIT workouts which can provide some muscle-building benefits.”
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For the uninitiated, isolation exercises activate only one muscle group or joint at a time. Instead, Mentus recommends performing compound movements (e.g., squats, bench presses, and deadlifts) that work for multiple muscle groups simultaneously.
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“If you’re trying to build muscle all over, isolation exercises are an inefficient use of your workout time. Compound movements engage many more muscles per exercise, and that tension then helps build more muscle overall. Try bigger movements like squats, deadlifts, presses, and rows rather than curls and tricep extensions,” says Mentus.
While some men may scoff at this spiritual discipline, anyone who’s done a hot yoga session knows it delivers a solid workout that provides several health benefits. However, hot yoga is an efficient calorie burner that can work against muscle growth.
Related Articles: 5 Daily Exercises To Improve Muscular Endurance as You Age
“How much do you bench?” We’ve all been asked this before. While your one-rep max (the maximum amount of weight you can lift at one rep of a given movement) indicates overall strength, it doesn’t do any favors in the muscle-building department.
Mentus explains, “Just doing one rep is not enough to stimulate muscle growth. Muscles need time under tension, and in one rep, the muscles do not have to strain for too long. Now, if you want to build to a heavy one rep and then do drop sets for more reps, that would be fine to get the best of both worlds.”
Lifting Light Weights at Higher Reps
Though hypertrophy training (lifting light to moderate weights at higher reps) is an effective way to develop and grow muscle, you eventually reach a point of diminishing returns.
“If you can lift a weight for 20 or more reps, then it’s not going to be effective for muscle building. Ideally, stay within the eight to 15 rep range, meaning those last couple reps in your sets are getting challenging,” says Mentus. “If you could still do many more reps at the end of your sets, the weight is not challenging enough. Muscles need to work against resistance that triggers them to adapt in order to grow, so if there is little resistance, then there’s no reason to grow.”
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